"Truth is one; the sages just speak of it in different ways."
Yes, a kingdom, however.
Hawaii was a republic between 1893 and 1898 (when they were finally annexed by the U.S.)
Oh, yeah, it WAS the same pattern, wasn't it, of all of the above except for Vermont: ex-pats overthrow the government, declare a republic, and then join the US.
Yeah, the main difference seems to have been how long it took before the U.S. agreed to have them.
The rest of the 13 colonies?
You mean under the Articles?
That's what I'm thinking. And if self-declared sovereignty is the bar, then some of Confederate states ...
Yes, borderline cases. I was thinking more of "Were there any fully independent republics like Texas of which I'm not aware." I realize a good case can be made for your contention, but that wasn't really what I was after.
Maybe -- don't know enough about it to say if it was a republic.